Volume 3 September 2008-August 2009








This page contains Volume 3 of newsletters from September 2008-August 2009.

September 2008

October 2008

November 2008

December 2008

January 2009

February 2009

March 2009

April 2009

May 2009

June 2009

July 2009

August 2009

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August 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 4, Number 12, August, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirty-sixth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

The truly big news this month is that the APA has released the 6th edition of its style manual. Whether you teach APA style in labs, require it for student papers, or are in the middle of writing up your own research, you’ll want to check out the online resources which summarize the major changes in official style since the 5th edition.

What else is new this month? Phineas P. Gage and Rollo May. Do you remember Phineas Gage and his accident, the classic example for brain function and personality? Jack and Beverly Wilgus thought that this unidentified daguerreotype from their collection of antique photos was just a cool picture of some whaler, but it turned out to be the only known photo of Phineas P. Gage. There he sits, with that tamping rod in his hand. Check it out!

As for Rollo May . . . we have 4 new links for resources to round out this page. Kudos — one again — to our fabulous student worker, Alexis, for her help in digging up new links.

Are your classes starting already? Are you in need of an ice-breaker activity for the first day of class? Check out three cool sites which feature first-day-of-class activities as well as guidelines for developing syllabi, course requirements, and ways of motivating your students (and yourself!).

We hope that you are enjoying these last few weeks of summer before the school year starts up again. As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. See you in September!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology

OTRP on Line The Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology (OTRP) develops and distributes teaching and advising materials and provides services to teachers of psychology at all levels on behalf of The Society for the Teaching of Psychology. Look here for everything from copies of syllabi, how to write letters of recommendation, how to host an undergraduate research conference, to ethical issues and ice breakers with everything else in between.

2. Teaching Tips

Honolulu Community College maintains this extensive site for Faculty Development. Features Teaching Tips on practically everything from the First Day of Class, to Assessment, Motivation, Course Design, Dealing With Stress, Difficult Classroom Behaviors, Professional Ethics and much more.

3. Teach it Quick and Make it Stick.

Professional trainer and speaker Sharon Bowman has a ton of ideas to keep audiences involved and learning. Check it out when you need a quick activity to liven up a content-heavy lecture, an ice breaker, or a special closing activity. Especially useful for large lecture classes.

4. Phineas P. Gage

Check out the only known photograph (daguerreotype) of Phineas Gage, the foreman who sustained a serious and amazing head wound which changed his personality for the rest of his life. Provides links to background information on Phineas P. Gage.

5. APA Style: Summary of Changes in the 6th Edition

Summary of what’s new in the 6th edition, including chapter by chapter changes and links to two free tutorials on What’s New and the Basics of APA Style.

6. APA Writing Guide Online

This online workshop developed at Purdue University is a very thorough guide to APA style. In addition to its many online examples and explanations, it includes a list of books and websites for more information.

7. Who Am I? – Famous Psychologists Quiz
Test Your Knowledge of Famous Psychologists

Test your knowledge of important figures in psychology with this quiz. The expert level has 13 questions, which increase in difficulty. Ten of the questions are about personality psychologists including: Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Karen Horney and Erik Erickson.

8. Online Statistics Calculator

Calculate 56 different statistical estimates from summary data with this free site. Daniel S. Soper, Cal State Fullerton, designed these calculators to help students and others in the research community. Includes: effect size, chi-square, ANOVA, confidence intervals and much more.

9. Can Brain Scans Read Your Mind?

“Can neuroscience read people’s minds? Some researchers, and some new businesses, are banking on a brain imaging technique known as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to reveal hidden thoughts, such as lies, truths or deep desires.” This summary, from ScienceDaily, July 23, 2009, summarizes the research of Russell Poldrack and colleagues at UCLA.

10. Genetic Basis Of Musical Aptitude: Neurobiology Of Musicality Related To Intrinsic Attachment Behavior

“Music is social communication between individuals — humming of lullabies attach infant to parent and singing or playing music adds group cohesion. The neurobiology of music perception and production is likely to be related to the pathways affecting intrinsic attachment behavior, suggests a recent Finnish study. The study gives new information about genetic background of musical aptitude.” This summary, from ScienceDaily, May 27, 2009, summarizes the research of Liisa Ukkola and colleagues at the University of Helsinki and the Sibelius Academy.

11. Culture, Not Biology, Underpins Math Gender Gap

“In an analysis of contemporary data published June 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison report that the primary cause for the gender disparity in math performance at all levels is culture, not biology.” This summary from ScienceDaily, June 2, 2009.

12. People Who Wear Rose-colored Glasses See More, Study Shows

“‘Good and bad moods literally change the way our visual cortex operates and how we see,’ says Adam Anderson, a University of Toronto professor of psychology.  ‘Specifically our study shows that when in a positive mood, our visual cortex takes in more information, while negative moods result in tunnel vision.'” The study appears in the Journal of Neuroscience. This summary from ScienceDaily, June 6, 2009.

13. Endless Original Music: Computer Program Creates Music Based On Emotions

“A group of researchers from the University of Granada (UGR) has developed Inmamusys, a software program that can create music in response to emotions that arise in the listener. By using artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, the program enables original, copyright-free and emotion-inspiring music to be played continuously.” This summary from ScienceDaily, June 2, 2009.

14. Human Rights Campaign: Working for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Equal Rights.

As part of the Human Rights Campaign’s mission to education the public, on this website they provide background information on visibility and coming out, a video about understanding transgender issues through the personal story of Donna Rose, information on the Employment Non-Discrimination Act, and a blog.

15. Women’s Voices

“Good stories have always been the most powerful way to engage, inspire, and, over time, shape public dialogue around the values we believe in.
That’s why Creative Counsel and The Fledgling Fund are co-presenting the 1000 Voices Archive – a curated, national collection of video stories created by filmmakers and communities across the country.” Women’s video comments on a range of social issues can be used to start discussion or introduce gender issues.

16. DreamBank

“Welcome to The DreamBank, a collection of over 16,000 dream reports in English (and another 6,000 in German). The reports come from a variety of different sources and research studies, from people ages 7 to 74. They can be analyzed using the search engine and statistical programs built into this site.” Based on the research of Adam Schneider and G. William Domhoff, Psychology Department, at UC Santa Cruz. Includes transcriptions of the dream journals of real people including Freud and Jung and others here: http://dreamresearch.net/Findings/index.html.

17. Genetics
http://bio.research.ucsc.edu/~barrylab/classes/CHAPTER_PDFS/Chap_2_genetics.pdf (opens in PDF)

Barry Sinervo teaches Animal Behavior at UC Santa Cruz using his own textbook. Chapter 2 provides a good background on Genetics. Check out his syllabus here: http://bio.research.ucsc.edu/~barrylab/classes/animal_behavior/BEHAVIOR.HTM.

18. The Human Dilemma

The Human Dilemma with Rollo May. Transcript from the video series Thinking Allowed: Conversations on the Leading Edge of Knowledge and Discovery with Dr. Jeffrey Mishlove.

19. Rollo May: Overview in His Own Words

An overview of the theory and philosophy of Rollo May told via a series of quotes from his own works.

20. Rollo May: Lecture Notes

Lecture outline on the theories of Rollo May from Victor Daniels, Sonoma State University.

21. Rollo May: Psychology and The Human Dilemma

An outline of selected chapters of May’s book.

July 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 4, Number 11, July, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirty-fifth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

This will be a short issue because…well because it’s summer! I hope you are enjoying some nicer weather, maybe some time away from the classroom, and perhaps the chance to refresh your lectures with some interesting resources.

As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues.


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Larks, Owls and Hummingbirds

”[L]eft to our natural devices, we would eat, sleep and drink (along with many more biological functions) not when we decide to, but when our biological clock tells us to. Only cultural norms and the alarm clock give us the pretense of choice by overriding our inner rhythms — and there is increasing evidence that we are paying a high cost in terms of our health. ” according to Leon Kreitzman in this opinion piece from ”The New York Times”, April 21, 2009

2. The Life Monitored: Explorations in Self-Monitoring Concepts.

Students Julie Kozikowski, Ellen Gauvin, Kendra Smith, Wendy Mustapha and Danielle Palardy made this short film for a psychology class and posted it to YouTube. Illustrates the differences between high and low self-monitors. (7 minutes, 29 seconds).

3. What’s Your psychological Type?

In this excerpt from the book ”Psychotherapy for the Soul: Thirty-Three Essential Secrets for Emotional and Spiritual Self-Healing”, Stephen Diamond describes Jung’s notions of introversion and extraversion.

4. Achieving Fame, Wealth, and Beauty are Psychological Dead Ends, Study Says

Summary of research by Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard M. Ryana and Edward L. Deci (2009) ”Journal of Personality” showing that achieving the proverbial fame and fortune are not all that it’s cracked up to be. Includes a video summary and interview with Ed Deci by ScienceCentral. (2 minutes, 13 seconds).

5. Evolutionary Psychology – An Interview with Dr. David Buss

Michael Brit, former professor of psychology, broadcasts a podcast about psychology called The Psych Files. In this episode (June 20, 2009, Episode #98), he talks with Davis Buss about evolutionary psychology: ”Do you know your own ”mate value” in the dating world? Curious about evolutionary psychology? In this interview with Dr. David Buss we discuss a number of interesting and controversial topics, such as the matching hypothesis and date rape. Are there evolutionary roots to the battle of the sexes and can we change our behavior? Find out in this interview.”

6. If You Don’t Have a Father Today

In this ”Psychology Today” blog from June 21, 2009, Paul Dobransky, celebrates resilience as well as Father’s Day. ”Fathers not only make us more resilient people, but our own natural resilience also assists us in finding the fathering we need.”

7. The Evolutionary Origin of Depression

Article from The Economist, June 25, 2009, which summarizes research by Randolph Nesse, University of Michigan published in the ”Journal of Personality and Social Psychology”: ”Dr Nesse’s hypothesis is that, as pain stops you doing damaging physical things, so low mood stops you doing damaging mental ones—in particular, pursuing unreachable goals. Pursuing such goals is a waste of energy and resources. Therefore, he argues, there is likely to be an evolved mechanism that identifies certain goals as unattainable and inhibits their pursuit—and he believes that low mood is at least part of that mechanism.”

8. Live Happy

Read about a new application for the iPhone and iPod Touch, Live Happy, developed with happiness researcher Sonja Lyubomirsky. The idea is that this little program helps you achieve and maintain happiness though daily activities inspired by findings in positive psychology. The program suggests activities such as setting and tracking goals, expressing gratitude, replaying happy days, acts of kindness and much more. (Note: basic version is free, full version costs money, a portion of sales supports the Live Your Life Well campaign).

9. Live your Life Well

”the website designed to help you cope better with stress and create more of the life you want” provides information about stress, ways of coping with stress, and more.

10. Sigmund Freud Photobiography

”In this photobiography, we will explore Freud’s life from his birth in the tiny town of Frieberg, Moravia, to his death at age 83 in London. Along the way, you will learn more about how his life and work influenced the theories and ideas that continue to influence psychology, philosophy, literature, and art.”

11. New! Sixth Edition of Pub Manual

An overview of what’s new in the 6th edition of the APA style manual. Includes free tutorials on What’s new in the Sixth Edition” and ”The Basics of APA Style”. Good resources for you and your students.

12. HEXACO Personality Inventory Revised Online

Learn about Kibeom Less and Michael Ashton’s 6-factor model of personality: Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience. Includes descriptions, history, references, books, and a downloadable version for research.

June 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 4, Number 9, June, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirty-fourth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

The big news this month: Personality Pedagogy turns three!! Yes, personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu has been on the net for three years now. The site — and our readership — has been growing steadily in that time. We have you, our loyal readers, to thank for that.

To celebrate, we’ve done some house cleaning of sorts. We’ve merged the Assignments section with the Exercises and Activities section. We’ve separated Gender Identity and Transgenderism from Gender and Gender Differences in Personality, and given the topic its own page. Similarly, we’ve separated Emotional Intelligence from Intelligence. We’ve also entered new index terms in our massive list of Theorists and Topics to make it easier for you to find the Five Factor Model, Neuroscience, Gestalt Psychology, Behaviorism, and Conditioning.

We’ve located and posted links to The New York Times obituaries for various theorists including B. F. Skinner, Carl Rogers, Carl Jung, Sigmund Freud, Anna Freud, Viktor Frankl, and others. While this may seem strange, obituaries provide a succinct overview of a person’s life and their contribution to the field and to society. Remember that you must register for a free account to view online content at The New York Times. Thanks to our fabulous student workers Alexis and Beth for taking this on!

Finally, we’ve created a new page open for editing:


Got a favorite movie or scene of a movie which illustrates a concept in personality psychology? This is your chance: it’s easy and it’s fun. Click on this link, hit the ”Edit” button and go for it! So far, we have listed 3 movies; We know there are many more out there. Here is a good chance for you to contribute to a wiki and share your examples with others. (My personal fav is a quirky little Italian movie called ”Bread and Tulips”, in which a housewife, who has been living with all sorts of conditions of worth on her, starts a new life where she can be her authentic self. In the process, she learns about unconditional positive regard.)

You can find all of the Wiki pages which are open for editing by visiting here:


As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. Please think about jumping in the Wiki pool, so to speak, even as you are gearing up to jump in more traditional warm-weather pools to mark the arrival of summer.


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Claremont Graduate University Online Video Library

Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA, maintains an online video library of selected talks and panel discussions at the University. Check out their how page with a listing of topics, talks, and speakers. Of special interest to teachers of personality psychology:

a) The How of Happiness.

Lyubomirsky, Sonja (University of California, Riverside). The How of Happiness. From the SBOS-Stauffer Colloquium Series on Applied Psychology. March 4, 2008. 50 minutes.

b) Authoritarian Attitudes in Times of Threat.

Merolla, Jennifer L. (Claremont Graduate University). Authoritarian Attitudes in Times of Threat. From the 2008 SBOS-Stauffer Symposium, “Extremism and the Psychology of Uncertainty.” April 6, 2008. 31 minutes.

c) Relationships that Support Autonomy and Engagement.

Reeve, Johnmarshall (University of Iowa). Relationships that Support Autonomy and Engagement. From the 2009 Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology, “Enhancing Teaching and Learning: Lessons from Social Psychology.” March 28, 2009. 1 hour 5 minutes.

d) How can educators best support student well-being?

Yost Hammer, Elizabeth (Xavier University of Louisiana), moderator, Anthony Antonio (Stanford University), Tracy McLaughlin-Volpe (Emerson College).
How can educators best support student well-being?
From the 2009 Claremont Symposium on Applied Social Psychology, “Enhancing Teaching and Learning: Lessons from Social Psychology.”
March 28, 2009. 45 minutes.

2. The Relentless Urge to Create: the Work of Earl Joseph Martell

Joseph Martell, a paint mixer at Home Depot, is able to see the beauty in a simple can of unmixed paint. While others are too busy to notice, he quickly snaps a photo before the can hits the mixing machine. The results are stunning and illustrate the urge to create — even under less than ideal circumstances. Illustrates beautifully Maslow’s quote: ”A musician must make music, an artist must paint, a poet must write, if he is to be ultimately at peace with himself.”

3. Genotype-Environment Interaction

Perhaps you’ve seen this cute video of the baby emphatically chattering on and on to her dad. Have your class imagine the kind of reactions she is likely to elicit from people around her — starting with her dad and her mom — and you’ve got a good illustration of an active genotype-environment interaction (1 minute and 22 seconds).

4. The Human Genome at your Fingertips

The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) site, of Johns Hopkins University, ”is a comprehensive, authoritative, and timely compendium of human genes and genetic phenotypes. The full-text, referenced overviews in OMIM contain information on all known mendelian disorders and over 12,000 genes. OMIM focuses on the relationship between phenotype and genotype. It is updated daily, and the entries contain copious links to other genetics resources.” The real beauty of this site is that you can enter the name of a gene and read a summary of what we know, or enter a disease (or a personalty trait!) and find out what known genetic mechanisms exist for that characteristic.

5. Chinese Personality at Work Research Project

From the website: ”This project examines the use of personality assessments, highlights the benefits of such methodology and introduces a program of international research that has taken place to develop and examine the reliability and validity of a number of workplace personality assessments that are used in Asia.” Includes background research, five factor model, indigenous personality, personality in Asia, and results.

6.’Mindfulness’ meditation being used in hospitals and schools

”Studies suggest the practice can ease pain, improve concentration and immune function, lower blood pressure, curb anxiety and insomnia, and possibly even help prevent depression. Newer research tools, such as high-tech brain scans, show how meditation might have diverse effects [on areas of the brain]]” From ”USA Today”, June 8, 2009.

7. Activities and Videos for Teaching Cross-Cultural Issues in Psychology

Bill Hill, Kennesaw State University, put this list of resources together in 1998 for the Society for the Teaching of Psychology (APA Division 2) Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology. ”This resource includes lists of books, articles, journals, and Internet resources for teaching cross-cultural psychology and for expanding course coverage of cross-cultural issues.” Still a valuable resources years later. (Opens in PDF format).

8. Husbands, Rate Your Wives

”A psychologist’s attempt to improve marriages provides an interesting glimpse into the social norms of the 1930s—and into one of the first scientific matchmaking services.” From ”Time Capsule” by Nick Joyce and David B. Baker, APA ”Monitor on Psychology”, May 2008.

9. The Assessment CyberGuide for Learning Goals and Outcomes in the Undergraduate Psychology Major

”The Assessment CyberGuide for Learning Goals and Outcomes in the Undergraduate Psychology Major” by the Task Force on Undergraduate Psychology Major Competencies, Board of Educational Affairs, American Psychological Association. This guide includes best practices, principles for assessing student learning, bibliography of assessment resources, overview of strategies, evaluation of strategies, Bloom’s taxonomy and much more.

10. Loneliness is a Molecule

Summary of research by S. W. Cole, L. C. Hawkley, J. M. Arevalo, C. Y. Sung, R. M. Rose and J. T. Cacioppo (2007): ”UCLA researchers have identified a distinct pattern of gene expression in immune cells from people who experience chronically high levels of loneliness. The findings suggest that feelings of social isolation are linked to alterations in the activity of genes that drive inflammation, the first response of the immune system. The study provides a molecular framework for understanding why social factors are linked to an increased risk of heart disease, viral infections and cancer.” From ”Science Daily”, September 17, 2007.

11. Journals Devoted to the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Kennesaw State University, the University of West Florida, and Developmental Psych.org maintain a listing of journals (with links) which publish articles on the scholarship of teaching and learning. Both lists include journals on general topics and in specific academic disciplines.

12. How We Feel Linked To Both Our Culture And How We Behave

This summary describes research by Claire Ashton-James et al. who found that ”Feeling good did indeed encourage the volunteers — both European and Asian — to explore values that are inconsistent with their cultural norms. And elevated mood even shaped behavior, allowing volunteers to act ‘out of character’.” From ”Science Daily”, April 19, 2009.

May 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 4, Number 8, May, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirty-third Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

This month’s newsletter was written with the windows open, a nice breeze billowing the curtains…and the sounds of a very loud lawn mower! As much as we’d like to complain about the noise, we must admit that it’s a beautiful day. With the semester—and the month of May—over, we’ll keep this newsletter brief so we can all go outside and play.

As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. We wish you a happy start to the end of the school year!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Confessions of an Introverted Traveler

2. Six tips for Introverted Travelers

You don’t have to be an extrovert to enjoy travel. Sophia Dembling, writer for the travel blog World Hum which believes that ”Travel is a state of mind”, suggests that while some people travel to meet people, introverts don’t. She blogs about how extroverted and introverted travelers see the world differently. In the second link, she describes strategies that introverts might try while traveling to counteract the myth that introverts are ”just not cut out for traveling”.

3. Area of Brain that Makes a People-Person Discovered

”Cambridge University researchers have discovered that whether someone is a ‘people-person’ may depend on the structure of their brain: the greater the concentration of brain tissue in certain parts of the brain, the more likely they are to be a warm, sentimental person.”

4.Who Put the Lag in Jet Lag?

”Leon Kreitzman, an authority on questions of the body clock, like why jet lag happens and why teenagers aren’t lazy just because they sleep late.” in this opinion piece from The New York Times, February 17, 2009.

5. The Absurdly Artificial Divide Between Pure and Applied Research

The snobbish idea that pure science is in some way superior to applied science dates to antiquity” according to Stephen Quake in this opinion piece from The New York Times, February 17, 2009

6. Genome Mania

”We are in a similarly explosive period right now with the sequencing of the human genome (and others) serving as the point of entry to an entire new era in science in much the same way that the solution of the DNA double helix just over 50 years ago ushered in a new era” according to Stephen Quake in this opinion piece from The New York Times, March 3, 2009

7. Mugged By Our Genes?

”Last Monday, Nicholas Hughes, son of poets Ted Hughes and Sylvia Plath, killed himself. His mother was one of the world’s most famous suicides, and news stories have mentioned the tendency of suicide and depression to run in families. But this tragic inheritance is just part of a more complex story in which our lives are shaped by genes, environment — and unexpected connections between the two” according to Sandra Aamodt and Sam Wang in this opinion piece from the New York Times, March 24, 2009

8. Girls’ Versions of Classic Non-Gendered Board Games

Scrabble, LIFE, Monopoly in pink? That’s right, Toys-R-Us are selling girl versions of these classic toys. Is this a stroke of marketing genius, another example of gender over-schematization or just plain old sexism? We’ll let you and your students be the judge.

9. How Do You Learn to Act Like a Man/Woman? Gender Identity and Gender Scripts

”How do we learn to act in what are called “gender appropriate” ways? How did you learn to act like a girl and then a woman? Or like a boy and then like a man? Did you experience either penis envy or womb envy? Did this happen as a result of what Freud would call an oedipal complex or perhaps does our tendency to behave in stereotypical masculine and feminine ways come about more simply as a result of watching other males and females in your family, among your friends and on TV?” In this episode of former psychology professor Michael Brit’s, podcast about psychology called ‘The Psych Files’ [Episode 94, May 18, 2009] he ”looks at the interesting and complex issue of gender identity.”

10. Achieving Fame, Wealth and Beauty are Psychological Dean Ends

Science Daily, from May 19, 2009, summarizes research by Christopher Niemiec, Rich Ryan, and Ed Deci at the University of Rochester: ”If you think having loads of money, fetching looks, or the admiration of many will improve your life — think again. A new study by three University of Rochester researchers demonstrates that progress on these fronts can actually make a person less happy.” Ed Deci

April 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 8, April, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirty-second Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

This month’s newsletter is a reflection of the latest topics in my personality class: Gender and Genetics. We feature two actives that my really got my class thinking earlier this month and a special bonus activity. By now you know that I love to use songs to introduce topics and illustrate concepts, so one activity is the song ”When I was a Boy” by Dar Williams and the other is an episode from the sit com ”According to Jim” illustrating gender stereotypes. As a special bonus, Scott Bates has graciously agreed to allow us to publish his activity to introduce genetics through a comparison of what men and women seek in a mate. We know that some of you may be a bit reluctant to cover genetics in your classes, but hopefully these activities will give you a way to introduce some fascinating — and sometimes controversial — ideas to your students.

Got a concept that you need help presenting? A topic that could use a little spicing up? We are more than happy to take requests! Just let us know, and we’ll try to dig up some new links and ideas to help you out and inspire your students.

As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. We wish you a happy end-of-the-semester to those of you on a traditional semester schedule…and a deep breath for those who have another month (or more!) to go.


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Class Activity on Gender Stereotypes: According to Jim
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yhFcBYPSWyU&feature (Part 1: 10:00)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MERttIzLt4&feature (Part 2: 9:40)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V4H9no2G2sQ&feature (Part 3: 1:40)

These days, I find that my students are a little reticent to talk about gender stereotypes, especially since my classes are often very much skewed in one direction. To help the discussion along, I like to show the episode “Jim Almighty” from the ABC television show According to Jim, staring Jim Belushi. In this episode Jim thinks that he can design women better than the creator did. In the course of the show, many gender stereotypes are depicted and reinforced (and some are even abandoned). I instruct my students to keep track and write down all of the stereotypes for men and for women that are mentioned in the show. I put them on the blackboard and classify them into physical, sexual, personality, social, and emotional and discuss if they are accurate, inaccurate, or an exaggeration of a true difference. I may even have the class vote on what they think the distributions look like (e.g. normal curves with a lot of overlap, a little overlap or something in between). This is a good way to set up a discussion of gender similarities and differences in personality using Hyde’s work on meta-analysis. Note that the episode, while a family situation comedy which originally aired during prime time, does make scatological and sexual references and features the actor Lee Majors playing The Almighty (stereotyped as a Texan). I offer students who think they may be offended by the set-up an alternative activity, although nobody has taken this option. In discussions with the class, even religious students find the depiction of The Almighty funny and not at all offensive, but you should review this episode before showing your class in case your students are different from mine. [This episode originally aired in January of 2008, season 7 episode 1, S07E01].

2. Dar Williams: When I was A Boy
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KZHpBRwUeiA (video 5:08)
http://www.lyricstime.com/dar-williams-when-i-was-a-boy-lyrics.html (lyrics)

Folk Singer Dar Williams sings her original composition “When I Was a Boy,” a moving reflection on childhood when kids can climb trees, pick flowers, cry, and run with Peter Pan without worrying about what society says a grown-up woman — or grown-up man — can and can’t do.

3. Genetics: Selective Breeding of the Silver Fox

From the website ”The silver fox, a color variation of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), has been domesticated in a controlled experiment at the Institute of Cytology and Genetics in Novosibirsk, Russia. Starting in 1959, and selected solely on behavioral criteria for more than 40 generations, a strain of foxes with behavior extremely similar to domestic dogs was produced. Tame foxes exhibit highly social behavior with both other members of their own species and humans in a playful, friendly manner. In contrast, foxes from an unselected population, or from a strain bred for aggressive behavior, avoid social interactions with humans. ” Check out video of fox behavior, a map of the fox genome, recent publications and more on this project which is an international collaborative between Cornell University, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the University of Utah.

4. Genetics: Family Health Portrait

My Family Health Portrait ”was originally developed in collaboration between the Office of the Surgeon General and the National Human Genome Research Institute, a part of the National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services.” The goal is to get people to enter their family health history and create drawings of their family health history to share with their family or health care worker, in order to understand their risks for certain diseases and to use the results to make better choices about their health today and into the future. ”The Surgeon General’s ”My Family Health Portrait” is an internet-based tool that makes it easy for you to record your family health history. The tool is easy to access on the web and simple to fill out. It assembles your information and makes a “pedigree” family tree that you can download. It is private–it does not keep your information. It gives you a health history that you can share with family members or send to your health care practitioner.” The process takes about 15-20 minutes and is also available in Spanish.

5. Personal Genome Project

The Personal Genome Project believes that ”individuals from the general public have a vital role to play in making personal genomes useful. We are recruiting volunteers who are willing to share their genome sequence and many types of personal information with the research community and the general public, so that together we will be better able to advance our understanding of genetic and environmental contributions to human traits and to improve our ability to diagnose, treat, and prevent illness.” To this end, they are hoping to create a public database of genomes and characteristics of 100,000 people. Find out more about this project and meet their volunteers — including in-depth summaries of their personal information — on this site.

6. My Genome, My Self

Cognitive Psychologist Steven Pinker explores and debates the possibilities and pitfalls of ”consumer genetics” in which ”affordable genotyping may offer new kinds of answers to the question “Who am I?” — to ruminations about our ancestry, our vulnerabilities, our character and our choices in life” in this New York Times article from January 7, 2009 (remember that you can access articles from the New York Times for free by registering on their website).

7. What’s the Best Personality to Be a Waiter?

What kind of personality do you need to be a good waiter/waitress? Michael Brit, former professor of psychology, broadcasts a podcast about psychology called ”The Psych Files”. In this episode (Episode 82) he explores the answer as he discusses the Self-Monitoring personality. His webpage includes good background references, examples of validity and reliability, and links to additional web resources. (originally released December 28, 2008).

8. Room With a Cue

”The way you adorn your bedroom or office speaks volumes about your personality”. Writer Robin Poultney summarizes the work of Sam Gosling et al. From ”Psychology Today Magazine”, July/Aug 2002

9. Betrayed by Your Desk

”From your choices in cube-decor to the number of “post-its” on your monitor—the contents and appearance of your desk speaks volumes about your personality.” Writer Jennifer Drapkin summarizes the work of Sam Gosling et al. From ”Psychology Today Magazine”, Jul/Aug 2005.

10. A Jungian View of the Feminine in Film

Shrink Rap Radio: A Psychology talk and Interview Show (Podcast; Show #166, August 1, 2008). In this episode, Dr. Dave talks with John Beebe, M.D., the co-author, along with Virginia Apperson, of the book, ”The Presence of The Feminine in Film”. ”An avid film buff, Beebe frequently draws upon American movies to illustrate how the various types of consciousness and unconsciousness interact to produce images of Self and shadow in the stories of our lives that Jung called individuation. Dr. Beebe is particularly well known for his elaboration in C.G. Jung’s theory of psychological types.”

BONUS!!! Activity to introduce Genetics

Scott Bates, Utah State University, does the following exercise to introduce the topic of Genetics to his students: ”On the second day of class, I collect data via a survey (these data provide good lecture material throughout the course). One of the questions that I ask is this: “List the top three characteristics of an “IDEAL MATE” (a person with whom you would like to spend the rest of your life). Use adjectives. If you’ve already married (or found) your ideal mate, then list the three most important characteristics that attracted you to him/her.” I then have a TA code the responses into categories (e.g., physical appearance, social status, etc). Then, when I get to the topic of genes/environment, or evolution, I introduce human mate-selection and present material on evolutionary/genetic influences. The compelling part is that I present students’ data, by category, by sex. It looks something like this (from my slides; the top graph represents “primary choice” the bottom graph represents “all choices”):


Males have always listed physical characteristics (e.g., pretty, hot, nice looking) more often than women. Women have always listed loyalty (e.g., faithful, trustworthy) and social status (e.g., ambitious, good job prospects) more often than men.” (from the PSYTEACH discussion list, January 22, 2009).

March 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 7, March, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirty-first Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

This month’s newsletter features the work of personality theorists. Some of them are well known such as Anna Freud, Abraham Maslow, and Carl Jung; some of them are lesser known such as Erich Fromm, George Kelly, and Melanie Klein; and one of them ought to be more widely known: Viktor Frankl. We are especially excited to include these links to recorded interviews with Frankl, since he was born on the 26th of this month in 1905. If you are not familiar with him or his major work ”Man’s Search for Meaning” we urge you to view one of these videos and be inspired.

Special thanks go out this month to Alexis, a student-worker in the Psych department at Arcadia University, for patiently locating these videos to help us beef up the collection! We’ll be using more of Alexis’ work in the coming months.

As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. We wish you well as you ”march” ahead towards the end of the semester!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Viktor Frankl Documentary
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9EIxGrIc_6g (Part 1: 8:41)
http://youtube.com/watch?v=KnWETfCaBmo&amp (Part 2: 10:27)
http://youtube.com/watch?v=jSSftFde5vo&amp (Part 3: 9:35)

The Viktor Frankl Institute, Vienna, Austria (logotherapy.univie.ac.at) posted this 3-part documentary interview with Viktor Frankl on You Tube.

2. Viktor Frankl on Logotheory and Logotherapy.

This 6 minute and 32 second video originally ran on U.S. television in 1972. Frankl describes the existential vacuum, mass neurosis, and the search for meaning.

3. Anna Freud: Lost Girl

Doug Davis, Haverford College, wrote this intriguing essay about Anna Freud. ”Anna’s fate has seemed to me to complement and fulfill her father’s”.

4. Anna Freud: Media Resources

The Carter-Jenkins center maintains this page of resources on Anna Freud including photos and videos, slide presentations, and more.

5. Anna Freud: New York Times Obituary

From October 10, 1982. Good background about her life and work.

6. Carl Jung: Matter of Heart

The documentary Matter of Heart, about the life and work of Carl Jung is available on Google Video for streaming (105 minutes).

7. Abraham Maslow Quotes

This page contains thoughtful quotes from various works of Maslow including Toward a Psychology of Being, A theory of Human Motivation, and others on topics as diverse as children, education, love, heaven, and human nature.

8. Maslow’s Writings. Check out these original works of Maslow available online.

a) Maslow, A. H. (1943) A Theory of Human Motivation

b) Maslow, A. H. (1941) Deprivation, Threat and Frustration

c) Maslow (1965)

Maslow, A. H. (1965). Humanistic Science and Transcendent Experiences. The Journal of Humanistic Psychology, V(2), 219-227.

9. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Explained in American Sign Language

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is explained with visuals, words, and American Sign Language, from Basic needs, Safety needs, Belongingness needs, and Esteem needs, up to Self-Actualization. (4 minutes, 15 seconds)

10. Melanie Klein

Check out this brief overview of Klein’s theory including definitions of object, object relations theory, splitting, play, the paranoid-schizoid position, the depressive position, and more.

11. Personal Construct Theory and Practice

This Internet journal on the theory of George A. Kelly and Personal Construct Psychology includes issues from 2004 to the present. Articles are available in PDF format.

12. George Kelly

This site provides a brief overview of Personal Construct Psychology, including definitions of key concepts, and a good illustration of Kelly’s REP test.

13. Erich Fromm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o7GpHrdXOFI (Part 1: 6 minutes, 25 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UsyDhlz6qJ8 (Part 2: 10 minutes, 5 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rmdJ7CDjx60 (Part 3: 6 minutes, 6 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ygwAhrT2too (Part 4: 5 minutes, 19 seconds)

Erich Fromm discusses his theories and philosophies in this documentary excerpted in four parts.

14. Erich Fromm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mPw5prYLc5w (Part 1, 9 minutes, 58 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4y1nraKpIyA (Part 2, 9 minutes, 44 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0kyfvfQjNy4 (Part 3, 8 minutes, 57 seconds)

Mike Wallace interviews Erich Fromm in this vintage documentary.

15. Erich Fromm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XNpfeLhMT_Q (Part 1: 9 minutes,20 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFk2Sipw7q4 (Part 2: 8 minutes,43 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KdXuDtAcXYg (Part 3: 9 minutes,52 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E1j7YSY0bN0 (Part 4: 9 minutes,42 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6FfPMtNGPv4 (Part 5, 9 minutes,14 seconds)

Erich Fromm radio lecture: ”How Can Conflicts Be Resolved Without War?” given on April 2, 1970. (Audio with photos).

16. Erich Fromm Quotes

This collection of Erich Fromm quotes from various sources were collected and organized by Steven Hein.

February 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 6, February, 2009

Hello and welcome to the thirtieth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

The big news this month is the upcoming Eastern Psychological Association Conference. If you happen to be in Pittsburgh on Friday March 6th, check out the Teaching with Technology Invited Symposium 3:30-4:50 pm. Diane Finley, Ali Mattu, Barbara Frey and I will be discussing wikis (that’s me), podcasting (Ali), and measuring quality standards in online courses (Barbara). Check us out and come introduce yourself.

Whew! How did it get to be the middle of February? When I lived in the snow belt of up-state New York, I complained that February was the longest month of the year. With snow storms, freezing temperatures, and overcast days, it seemed like the spring would never come. Somehow this year February — and this semester — is just flying by. If you’ve got a case of the winter blahs — or even if there’s not enough time in a day for you — we’ve got some great websites for you to check out this month.

As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. May your lives be filled with warmth, love, and good teaching this month!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. The Five Factor Model and U. S. Presidents

Just in time for President’s day, check out Steve Rubenzer and Thomas Faschingbauer’s site comparing the presidents on the five factor model of personality. Find out the 8 types of presidents, what traits set presidents apart from other people, what traits the most successful presidents share, which modern president is most like our founding fathers, and much more.

2. Lesson Plan: Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Psychology

The APA Teaching of Psychology in the Secondary Schools (TOPSS) has created this 6-day lesson plan on Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Psychology. The lesson plan covers the basics of psychoanalysis and contemporary theorists (e.g. Jung, Klein) and includes activities such as develop a dream chart, defense mechanisms quiz, projective tests, online references and much more. Note that a limited number of hard copies will be available in a couple of weeks by sending a request to education@apa.org. (You must be a member or affiliate member of APA or TOPSS to download these lesson plans).

3. About Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT)

From the website: ”REBT is based on the premise that whenever we become upset, it is not the events taking place in our lives that upset us; it is the beliefs that we hold that cause us to become depressed, anxious, enraged, etc.” Learn more about Ellis and REBT on this site which includes biography, quotations, news, photo gallery, and vignettes to help people cope with difficult situations.

4. REBT Network

From the site: ”The REBT Network was established in 2006 to promote Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and the life & work of its creator, Dr. Albert Ellis, Ph.D.” Includes biography, overview of theory, essays, reflections, e-books, and more.

5. 101 Things you can do the first three weeks of class

”Beginnings are important” says Joyce T. Povlacs of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. This list of things you can do which she put together ”is a catalog of suggestions for college teachers who are looking for a fresh way of creating the best possible environment for learning.”

6. The H. J. Eysenck Official Web Site

Darrin Evans maintains this site which features scholarship information, bibliography, and anecdotes about Eysenck from his former students and colleagues.


The web page for this 1997 sci fi movie with the wonderful tag line ”There is no gene for the human spirit” includes brief video clips. These clips would be an attention-grabbing way to introduce students to the basic questions about genetics and personality. And it’s fun to see Ethan Hawke, Uma Thurman and Jude Law early in their careers.

8. Genetically Engineer Your Own Child

This somewhat creepy, satirical website allows visitors to create a genetically engineered child by selecting various characteristics such as gender, eye color, and sexual orientation. Once you find out the genetic code of your offspring, you can choose to have certain characteristics and disorders altered, if you are willing to spend the money. In the process, the visitor is forced to think about the value society places on certain attributes (e.g. IQ, musical ability, sexual orientation, AIDS, ADHD and others) and the ethicality of genetic engineering. The site was created as a piece of performance art and is not a real institution despite its authentic look and feel.

9. Androgynous Leaders Mean Increased Innovation

Science Daily, from November 7, 2008, summarizes research by Anne Grethe Solberg, researcher at BI Norwegian Scool of Management, which finds that ”leaders with both masculine and feminine traits, are the ones who best succeed at creating a good climate for innovation”

10. Parents Can Play An Active Role In The Identity Formation Of Their Adolescent Children

Science Daily, from August 27, 2008, summarizes research by Elli Schachter of Bar Ilan University and Jonathan Ventura of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem ”Mainstream belief regarding identity theory tends to portray adolescents as the sole agents involved in their identity development. However, a new article in the Journal of Research on Adolescence reveals that parents are concerned, involved, and reflective participants in their children’s identity formation”.

11. The Psychological Channel

This website is dedicated to ”streaming videos from various sites (youtube, Google video, etc.) that were hand picked for their educational, therapeutic, or scientific value” in the field of psychology. The site also offers videos, blogs and a message board.

12. Instructions for Beginning to Practice Client-Centered Therapy

Barbara Temaner Brodley, Illinois School of Professional Psychology, provides these instructions to teach beginning therapists how to conduct client-centered therapy. In it, she describes empathetic understanding and active listening and suggests ways this may be used and how they relate to the theory and practice of Carl Rogers.

BONUS. Clickers in the Classroom

The Society for the Teaching of Psychology, Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology provides their newest guide: ”Student Response Systems (”Clickers”) in the Psychology Classroom: A Beginner’s Guide (2009)” by K. G. Kelly. This 19-page guide discusses topics instructors should consider before adopting a clicker system for their classes. Available in PDF or RTF form.

January 2009

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 5, January, 2009

Hello and welcome to the twenty-ninth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

We got Bobo! And Gloria! The big news this month is that thanks to the diligence of one of our student-workers (yeah, Alexis!) we’ve uncovered tons of videos this issue including Little Albert, a biography of Freud, an interview with Jung, Bandura’s famous ”Bobo Doll” study, and the classic 1965 film ”Three Approaches to Therapy” in which Gloria is treated by none other than Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, and Albert Ellis. So grab a huge bowl of popcorn gather some friends (or students!) and beat the winter blahs by previewing these films.

Speaking of videos, did you know that you can jump right to a specific excerpt of a video on youtube? Just add a # sign and the location (in minutes and seconds) where you want to start to the end of the video’s URL. For example, adding ”#2m40s” (without the quotes) to the end of the URL of a clip will cue the video to start at 2 minutes and 40 seconds into the clip. For more about this and other technology tips, like how to imbed video clips into a Power Point presentation, see Jon Mueller’s Teaching Social Psychology website (http://jonathan.mueller.faculty.noctrl.edu/crow/technology.htm0. Thanks, Jon!

Did you know that the American Psychological Association (APA) has Lesson Plans for high school psychology teachers? Each lesson takes 5-7 days to cover and includes an overview of content, activities, resources, references and writing assignments for over 17 units including Personality, Motivation and Emotion, Positive Psychology, Cross-Cultural Psychology and Statistics. Alas, these are only accessible to members of the APA or Teachers of Psychology in the Secondary Schools (TOPSS). See http://www.apa.org/ed/topss/unitlesson.html for details on how you can join these groups.

In case you’re looking for an interesting way to start the new semester off, check out ice breakers, first day activities and the other cool resources listed on the General Resources page (http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu/pmwiki/pmwiki.php?n=Teaching.Index). You are sure to find some inspiration there!

As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. We wish you all the best for the new year and happy teaching in 2009!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Positive Psychology Daily News

From the website: ”Positive Psychology News Daily provides the latest news about happiness, the “science of happiness,” and Positive Psychology. Our goal is to be your fun, collaborative place for a research-based daily boost of happiness”. (also available in Chinese)

2. Correlation or Causation?

Jon Mueller, North Central College, Naperville, IL, devised this fun activity to help students think critically about what they read in the popular press and about distinguishing between correlation and causation in particular. Many of the actual headlines listed here imply causation when the research was merely correlational. Jon uses this resource ”to help my students identify the language of causal relationships and correlations, identify the tell-tale signs that an experiment or a correlational study is being described in the media when there is no mention of the type of study, and to learn how to evaluate the quality and nature of evidence in judging the merit of a claim”. See the link above for sample assignments he uses with his classes along with the actual headlines.

3. Factor Analysis and Sea Monsters

Kevin Grobman, who maintains the DevPsy.org website, uses the brillant metaphor of underwater sea monsters in order to help students understand what factor analysis is. Check out his cute graphics and explanation here. He also includes a link to PowerPoint slides you can use in your own lectures.

4. 20 Questions A Journalist Should Ask About Poll Results

The National Council on Public Polls posted this essay by Sheldon Gawiser and G. Evans Witt as part of its ”mission to help educate journalists on the use of public opinion polls”. Although they are talking about polls, many of their caveats apply to interpreting any research with survey or self-report data. From the website: ”The only polls that should be reported are “scientific” polls. A number of the questions here will help you decide whether or not a poll is a “scientific” one worthy of coverage – or an unscientific survey without value.”

5. Why? A Happiness Activity

The September issue of the Thiagi Gameletter (”Seriously fun activities for trainers, facilitators, performance consultants, and managers”, see http://www.thiagi.com/) describes a series of Happiness Activities as part of their Tool Kit to demonstrate how most of our current goals when reduced to their most fundamental form — by repeatedly asking the question ”Why?” have happiness at its core.

6. The Happiness Formula

The BBC aired a series of specials on happiness on July 4, 2008. Read the background
of this series including The Science of Happiness, Britain’s Happiness in Decline, The Politics of Happiness, take the Happiness Test (writeen for the BBC by Ed Diener) and read about Happy Tips from other people. The site also includes video clips on What is happiness? (2:26 minutes), The power of happiness (10:40 minutes), What really motivates us? (2:06 minutes), Bhutan’s happiness formula (8:39 minutes), The politics of happiness (10:27 minutes), and Think yourself happy (3:13 minutes).

7. Bad Questions to Ask a Transsexual

The background information for this sarcastic video starts ”After years of teeth-grindingly ignorant and insulting questions, Calpernia Addams finally snaps and shares her list of Bad Questions which you should never ask a transsexual. These are all real questions from real life!” The video ends with the disclaimer ”If you [are] offended by this it means you’re most likely someone who thinks these questions are Ok to ask…Everyone has curiosity about things they don’t understand, the key is knowing what and when to ask.” (14 minutes, 20 seconds). This video is sure to get your students asking questions and challenging their assumptions. Also see Calpernia Addams’ blog on her experiences of being a transsexual (http://blogs.psychologytoday.com/blog/transposition/200807/let-them-eat-cake).

8. Carl Jung: The BBC Interviews (in 5 parts) Audio only with interesting photos of Jung, his colleagues, books, etc. Each part is 6-7 minutes.

9. Face to Face with Carl Jung (in 4 parts) Black and White video. Each part lasts about 10 minutes.

10. Gordon Allport (1937) The Functional Autonomy of Motives. American Journal of Psychology, 50, 141-156.

The Psychology Classics archive at York University includes this paper where Allport first describes the concept of functional autonomy by through examples of the sailor, the musician, the city-dweller and the miser.

11. The Bobo Doll Study
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IK4NPc7HCnY&feature=related (5:03)

Albert Bandura himself introduces the classic Bobo doll study in which chlidren in the experimental group who watched an adult interact in an aggressive manner with a blow-up clown played more aggressively with the doll than children in the control who did not see the adult model. Features actually footage from the classic study. (5 minutes, 3 seconds).

12. Little Albert and John Watson

This original film demonstrates how fear is a conditioned response. Watch while the famous infant Little Albert shows no fear to various objects including a dog, a monkey, a burning newspaper, and a white rat. Then watch while Watson conditions fear in Albert by pairing the white rat with a banging noise. See how the response generalizes to ”all furry things”. (2 minutes, 36 seconds; with Spanish sub-titles).

13. Learning

Unit 8 from The Discovering Psychology Series is all about Learning and includes a discussion of Instrumental Conditioning and the theories of Pavlov, Thorndike, Watson and Skinner and includes videos of little Albert. The entire series is available for video streaming with free registration.

14. Carl Rogers conducting Person-Centered Therapy with Gloria
These are excerpted from the classic film Three Approaches to Psychotherapy (1965), which featured the same woman ”Gloria” experiencing psychotherapy with Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, and Albert Ellis. This first part ”Describes the Gestalt therapy as practiced by Dr. Frederick Perls. Shows his interview with patient Gloria and gives a summation of the effectiveness of the interview.”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZBkUqcqRChg (Part 1, 9:07)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m30jsZx_Ngs (Part 2, 9:57)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RX_Y3zUPzEo (Part 3, 9:47)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zHxl5NtcDow (Part 4, 10:00)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L19nXMvbS8E (Part 5, 7:34)

15. Fritz Perls conducting Gestalt Therapy with Gloria
These are excerpted from the classic film Three Approaches to Psychotherapy (1965), which featured the same woman ”Gloria” experiencing psychotherapy with Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, and Albert Ellis. This third partDescribes client-centered therapy as practiced by Dr. Carl Rogers. Shows his interview with patient Gloria and gives summation of the effectiveness of the interview

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bHLXHQWJX4M (Part 1, 10 minutes)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8lHSxiIAqKE (Part 2, 10 minutes)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fk0VeLg_Vm0 (Part 3, 9 minutes, 36 seconds)

16. Albert Ellis conducting Rational Emotive Therapy with Gloria
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oh-wTzoQZ_s (Part 1: 9:15)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e6oZGjVLC34&feature=related (Part 2; 9:25)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwjRrAcJn_g&feature=related (Part 3: 5:56)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YDLzGkOOzA&feature=related (Part 4: 5:17).

These are excerpted from the classic film Three Approaches to Psychotherapy (1965), which featured the same woman ”Gloria” experiencing psychotherapy with Carl Rogers, Fritz Perls, and Albert Ellis. This third part ”Describes rational-emotive psycho-therapy as practiced by Dr. Albert Ellis. Shows his interview with patient Gloria and gives a summation of the effectiveness of the interview. Includes an evaluation by Gloria of her therapy with Doctors Carl Rogers, Frederick Perls, and Albert Ellis.”

17. Biography of Sigmund Freud
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=trdVXdZr3Fw&feature=channel (Part 1 10 minutes)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKWZeIrDvaQ&feature=channel (Part 2, 9:57)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OtuEyMG8l9U&feature=channel (Part 3, 10:01)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aHcHxjDMMEQ&feature=channel (Part 4, 9:53)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0duFTN69l7s&feature=channel (Part 5, 4:2)

Biography, in its series on historical figures, produced this documentary on Sigmund Freud. The parts cover his life and his work in chronological order.

December 2008

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 4, December, 2008

Hello and welcome to the twenty-eighth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

We wish you all a joyous holiday season, whatever holiday you celebrate. This truly is a wonderful time of year. Whether the happy feeling in the air is due to the confluence of religious holidays or merely priming effects, we hope that you are caught up in the spirit of these special last days of December.

Welcome to our largest issue ever! This month we feature general resources for teaching personality psychology including an ice breaker for the first day of class. Many of these resources would be useful for just about any course you teach. Check ’em out.

Remember that the entire Personality Pedagogy site is searchable. Just type in the term you are looking for in the side bar and all pages containing that term will appear as clickable links. The search function is case-sensitive and can also search for terms within a URL address. As ever, please pass this newsletter on to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. We wish you more peace, joy — and teaching resources — to come in 2009!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. LIFE Photo Archive Hosted by Google

”Search millions of photographs from the LIFE photo archive, stretching from the 1750s to today. Most were never published and are now available for the first time through the joint work of LIFE and Google.” Organized by decade, people, places, event, sports, and culture, you will certainly find an interesting image here — of a particular figure in personality psychology, for example — to spark discussion and enliven presentations.

2. Flash Cards

Remember those flash cards with terms or questions on one side and the answer on the other? Here is a website that allows a visitor to create unlimited flashcards, review others’ flash cards, search for flash cards by topic, share flash cards with others, study on-line, and play a memory game.

3. PsychExchange

Mark and Jamie Slapes ”developed PsychExchange.co.uk so that psychology teachers can share resources with each other. There are many generous teachers who are willing to share their handouts, powerpoints and so on, and hopefully this web site will make this much easier for them.”

4. PsychClips

”PsychClips is a new way to share video and audio clips with other psychology teachers. Many psychology teachers, including us, use short video and audio clips to facilitate their teaching of psychology and this site provides a way of organising these clips.” Site developed by Mark and Jamie Slapes.

5. Learned Helplessness

In this video clip Charisse Nixon, Developmental Psychologist at Penn State Erie, discusses the phenomenon of learned helplessness and applies it to the social realm of teenagers. (Shot by Mark Steensland) (6 minutes, 55 seconds).

6. Explanatory Style

How Well Do You Handle Adversity? Find Your Explanatory Style. ”This short check-up from world renowned psychologist Martin E.P. Seligman will give you a sense of whether your style is optimistic or pessimistic — and how your style effects your ability to function at your best. Keep in mind that this short check-up can only give you a rough sense of your personal style. It is a tool for self knowledge, but it is NOT the scientifically validated optimism questionnaire.”

7. PowerPoint Templates for Review Sessions

Kim Overstreet, former District Technology Resource Teacher of the Fayette County Public Schools in Lexington, Kentucky designed this site and many of the teaching resources on it. You can download templates she created to bring the popular game shows ”Jeopardy”, ”Who Wants to Be a Millionaire”, and ”Hollywood Squares” to life for a review session your classes.

8. Typealyzer: What type is that blog?

Just type in the URL of a favorite blog and this site will tell you the Myers-Briggs type of the writer. The results are bound to spark a lively debate in your class about reliability, validity, generalizability, and self-presentation. (In case you’re wondering, it claims that Personality Pedagogy is written by an INTJ. Clearly this E needs to get out more!).

9. Sleep deprivation may be undermining teen health

Research suggests that ”Lack of sufficient sleep–a rampant problem among teens–appears to put adolescents at risk for cognitive and emotional difficulties, poor school performance, accidents and psychopathology.” Read this summary by Siri Carpenter in the APA ”Monitor on Psychology”, Volume 32, No. 9 from October 2001.

10. Sleepiness in Teens. Not Just a Side Effect of Growing Up

Evidence suggests that teenagers have a later sleep-wake cycle than children, which explains why they are not tired until as late as 11 or 12 p.m. Yet, the scheduling of many high schools forces teens to rise earlier than they had to in elementary school. So how are teens getting the 9 hours of sleep per night that they need? They’re not. Read about what some schools are doing to re-adjust their schedules to the erratic circadian cycles of teenagers on this website of the American Sleep Foundation.

11. Emotionally Vague

Orlagh O’Brien presents the results of a research project which explored the question: How do people feel anger, joy, fear, sadness and love? People answered by indicating what these emotions felt like and where in the body they experience the emotion. Using word, color and line O’Brien hopes to create ”visual languages” for each emotion.

12. Geographic Variation in Psychological Characteristics.

Rentfrow, P. J., Gosling, S. D. & Potter, J. (2008). A theory of the emergence, persistence, and expression of geographic variation in psychological characteristics. ”Perspectives on Psychological Science, 3(5),” 339-369. Evidence suggests that there are geographical differences in personality and values. This paper outlines a model and tests hypotheses of how the five-factor model of personality, crime rates, religiosity, political values, employment and health vary by region. (The article contains particularly vivid graphics which you can select and paste into a presentation or web page).

13. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

A nice, clear, colorful graphic (opens in gif format).

14. First Day of Class Ice Breaker

What’s in a name? John Suler, Rider University, suggests this ice breaker in his ”Teaching Clinical Psychology” website. Students state their name, and explain how they got their name. This is an especially powerful exercise for small classes or for classes where students work closely with each other over the course of a semester.

15. Defense Mechanisms

John Suler, Rider University, maintains the excellent ”Teaching Clinical Psychology” website. For learning about defense mechanisms, he offers a ”handout [which] I give to students that we use to discuss some of the typical defense mechanisms. After the discussion, I break the students down into small groups so that can develop role plays that demonstrate these defenses. Instructions for these role plays are described at the end of the handout.”

16. The Religious Experience: East, West, Everywhere

John Suler, Rider University, maintains the excellent ”Teaching Clinical Psychology” website. He suggests the following exercise: ”Many psychologists, philosophers, and theologians talk about how some people have an intense, sudden, usually unexpected experience of a “higher reality” or “higher power” beyond what we normally experience. Some say it is the experience of “God.” Here are how William James (one of the greatest American psychologists) and D.T. Suzuki (one of the greatest Japanese Zen philosophers) described religious experiences in their cultures. Are there any similarities between east and west?”

17. Homosexuality

John Suler, Rider University, maintains the excellent ”Teaching Clinical Psychology” website. To make students aware of their preconceptions and subtle attitudes towards homosexuality, he puts 10 statements on the board and students discuss the statements in a group. He then tallies the group votes and leads the class in a discussion of their own preconceptions, along with theory and research evidence.

18. Life Story

When discussing intake interviews and psychotherapy, John Suler, Rider University, ”point[s] out that clients engage in a process of exploring their life story, usually at first by describing the most important “facts” about themselves.” In this exercise, described on his ”Teaching Clinical Psychology” website, students write down four important facts about themselves and one lie. Others in the class read each list and the class discusses patterns which they see.

19. Elation

This article by Emily Yoffe from Slate Magazine, December 3, 2008 describes the emotion of elevation: ”Elevation has always existed but has just moved out of the realm of philosophy and religion and been recognized as a distinct emotional state and a subject for psychological study. Psychology has long focused on what goes wrong, but in the past decade there has been an explosion of interest in ”positive psychology” — what makes us feel good and why. University of Virginia moral psychologist Jonathan Haidt, who coined the term elevation, writes, ”Powerful moments of elevation sometimes seem to push a mental ”reset button,” wiping out feelings of cynicism and replacing them with feelings of hope, love, and optimism, and a sense of moral inspiration.”

20. Happiness Exercise

The October issue of the Thiagi Gameletter (”Seriously fun activities for trainers, facilitators, performance consultants, and managers”, see http://www.thiagi.com/) describes an activity (which they call a ”jolt”) to demonstrate how our current emotions are influenced by our thoughts about the past.

November 2008

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 3, November, 2008

Hello and welcome to the twenty-seventh Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

This month, we are trying very hard to keep up with tasks as the end of the semester rapidly approaches! We hope that you will understand if we keep this newsletter a bit on the short side.

In keeping with the holiday — or at least the end of the semester — season, our first link (see below) is a re-print (re-run?) of one of our favorite end-of-the-semester review activities: How the Grinch Stole Psychology Class by Christine A. Offutt of Lock Haven University. She posted the entire activity to AP Central.

We encourage you to forward this e-mail to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. Good Luck with all the tasks — teaching and otherwise — that this time of year brings.


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. How the Grinch Stole Psychology Class

After watching the 25 minute video of the classic Christmas story by Dr. Seuss, students analyze the Grinch’s personality and change of heart using theories and terms from personality including Freud, Adler, Horney, Maslow, and Rogers. A great end-of-the-semester review.

2. Personality Trait Merchandise

Just in time for the holidays, Cafepress presents Personality Trait Gifts. Psychology lecturer David Webb sells t-shirts, hats, buttons and more beautifully illustrated for over 30 personality types including the “Conformist”, “Manic”, “Shy” or “Conscientious” person in your life. Check out his full line of items. Proceeds will be used to support his psychology and forensic science web sites.

3. Humans And Monkeys Share Machiavellian Intelligence

According to research by Dario Maestripieri at the University of Chicago humans and rhesus macaques both show a strong tendency for nepotism and political maneuvering.

4. The Prince by Nicolò Machiavelli

The classic treatise by Machiavelli himself, written around 1505 and published 1515 is available here in a 1908 translation by W. K. Marriott.

5. ‘Evening’ Kids More Likely To Have Behavioral Problems

From the summary: Pre-teen kids who preferred to indulge in more activities in the evenings, than in the mornings, are likely to experience more behavioral issues, including undesirable conduct, attention disorders and breaking rules, during adolescence.

6. Planet Personality

Peter Harms, University of Nebrasksa, and Bradley J. Brummel, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, built the Planet Personality website to explore ”a global perspective on personality differences.” The site features information and links to history of research on personality traits, personality tests, and more.

7. Traits: Beyond the Big Five

Peter Harms, University of Nebrasksa, designed this slide presentation which explores research on the Five Factor model and considers traits beyond the Big Five including the HEXACO six factor model. Opens in Power Point format (if the presentation doesn’t open directly for you, paste the link into Google.com and open the html link)

8. NERVE: Neuroscience Education Resources Virtual Encycloportal

The Society for Neuroscience created this web resources to advance the teaching of neuroscience on the K-12 level. This extensive site includes suggestions and links for activities, animations/simulations, assessments, articles, case studies, fact sheets, games, images, clip art, interactive web experiences, videos, podcasts, songs, tutorials and much, much, more, organized around various themes including addiction, sensation, anatomy of the nervous system, mental health and disease, and others.

9. Strange Situation Video

Separation and reunion of a securely attached infant and his father in the strange situation. (53 seconds)

10. Crafting Your Online Image

Have you ever wondered what was behind people’s profiles on social networking websites like Facebook and MySpace? According to researcher Adriana Manago at UCLA, young people use these sites to explore ”who they are by posting particular images, pictures or text.” Read a summary of this research, originally published in the November-December issues of the Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, in Science Daily from November 22, 2008.

October 2008

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 2, October, 2008

Hello and welcome to the twenty-sixth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

What’s new? This month we’ve added a new page on Narcissism. Ok, so there’s only one link, but it’s a good one: judging narcissism through Facebook profiles. We hope to have more links up shortly. This brings to 366 the total number of pages of resources available on Personality Pedagogy.

Do you have trouble returning to a beloved link? Do you wish there was a fast way to find pages on a given topic? Remember that Personality Pedagogy is completely searchable. Just type the term or website you are looking for in the box to the left and a list of pages with that phrase will appear on the right. The search is case-sensitive so be sure to try your search a few different ways to be sure.

Since its inception, Personality Pedagogy has been visited over 95,247 times from viewers in 182 countries and territories. Thank you for making Personality Pedagogy a success! We encourage you to forward this e-mail to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. It’s easy to sign up: all the necessary information is at the home page at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Mask-Making Activity

The Archdiocese of St.Louis sponsors special programs to reach out to teens. On their REAP website they describe a mask-making activity designed to help teens: ”recognize the masks he/she might wear, recognize the masks that others put upon him/her [and] view other students with more compassion in regards to the masks they wear.”

2. Projection, Fear, and Sex: An Evolutionary Psychology Explanation of a Freudian Phenomenon

This ”Cognitive Daily” science blog summarizes research by Maner et al. (2005) on functional projection to test Freudian theory. We do project our emotions onto others, as Freud posited, but we do so for more functional — rather than motivational — reasons.

3. 35 Tools For Teachers, Tutors and Students

The social networking news blog ”Mashable” summarizes 35 of the best computer and internet tools for education including applications for grading, social networking, teaching and tutoring jobs and more.

4. Rorschach Ink Blots

From ”Wikimedia Commons”, a media file repository: ”The Rorschach inkblot test is a method of psychological evaluation. It is a projective test associated with the Freudian school of thought. Psychologists use this test to try to probe the unconscious minds of their patients.” Check out the complete set of cards reproduced here. Scoring not included.

5. Research Channel

From the website: ”ResearchChannel was founded by a consortium of leading research and academic institutions to share the valuable work of their researchers with the public. Viewers access programs online via a live webstream and an extensive video-on-demand library. The library houses more than 3,500 full-length programs that are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.”

6. Online Video Guide

From the website: ”OVGuide.com is the Internet’s most comprehensive and up-to-date guide to online video, including TV shows, movies, user-generated content and video games… the [site] delivers an innovative, user-friendly way to search and browse relevant, high-quality video sites on the Web.”

7. Student Success Strategies

Skip Downing, author and expert on faculty development and student success strategies maintains this site where you’ll find ”a gold mine of resources to support your efforts for improving student academic success and retention” including web sites, books, online workshops, live workshops, newsletters, exercises, activities and more. Topics include self-responsibility, self-motivation, self-management, interdependence, self-awareness, life-long learning, emotional intelligence, and self-esteem.

8. Facebook Profiles Can Be Used to Detect Narcissism

”Science Daily” summarizes research by Laura Buffardi and W. Keith Campbell which ”found that people who are narcissistic use Facebook in a self-promoting way that can be identified by others.”

9. Video Clips from an Intrinsic Motivation Study

Beth Hennessey, Wellesley College, conducts research on creativity and intrinsic motivation. ”These video clips show an interview with a child as he discusses his motivation in school. In the first clip, the child talks about his interest in Social Studies and the satisfaction he gains from working hard on individual projects. In the second video clip the child talks about his experience of learning about constellations at school and his excitement to share his new knowledge with his family in the evening.”

10. Twenty Statements Test

”The TST is a long-standing psychological and social psychological “test” for use in regards to one’s ”sense of self.” In particular, it helps indentify those self-desiginations which may be due more to our ”roles” than who we really are or could be. It’s very simple to administer…just ask someone to write the question, ”Who am I?” at the top of a page and then have them answer it 20 times. [Includes] guidelines to help assess the answers given.” Can also be used to explore sex-role socialization.

11. Attachment Theory Website

Find everything about attachment theory here including books, journals, presentations, manuscripts, and an extensive description of measures, all with summaries and in some cases full-text links.

12. Attachment Theory Website: Measures of Attachment

”This collection of pages provides brief summary notes on attachment measures as well as detailed descriptions of individual measures including scoring and results from studies assessing reliability and validity.” Includes self-report and observation/clinical interview measures.

13. Learn Psychology

Mark Holah and Jamie Davies created this site to help Psychology A-level students prepare. The main feature of the site is an extensive glossary of psychological terms and concepts. Check out their Term of the Day or just browse featured randomly selected items. Be sure to suggest your favorite terms for inclusion!

14. The 10 Greatest Psychiatrists in Movie History


Featuring ”clips and summaries about the film and the mental health care professionals involved” such as The Manchurian Candidate, Silence of the Lambs, Zelig, Dressed to Kill, and others.

15. Client Centered Therapy: What it is what it is not?

Barbara Temaner Brodley presented this paper at the First Annual Meeting of the Association for the Development of the Person-Centered Approach. Provides an overview of the approach, including beliefs, assumptions, what it is and what it is not.

September 2008

Personality Pedagogy Newsletter Volume 3, Number 1, September, 2008

Hello and welcome to the twenty-fifth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu

This month, we are celebrating the second anniversary of our newsletter! Every month Personality Pedagogy sends out a newsletter featuring a dozen or so of the newest features from the website to over 150 readers in countries around the world. We welcome contributions from our readers for your favorite web sites, activities, and assignments.

This month we have a challenge for you. We found a very interesting NPR series exploring classic American personalities from literature, comics, TV, and the movies. The list of characters they interpret from a psychological and cultural view is impressive, everything from Scarlett O’Hara to Pollyanna, Ricky Ricardo to Darth Vader, and many, many more. What this material needs — and this is where you come in — is an assignment. How could you use this material in your classes? What theories are illustrated in these ”cases”? For example, they analyze Mr. Spock as the embodiment of masculinity in the 60s-70s. We have not yet had the time to work our way through all of these miniature case studies, which is why we need your help. Please send us your ideas at the address below.

We encourage you to forward this e-mail to interested colleagues and invite them to sign up for future issues. We hope you enjoy these colorful days of fall…or spring if you’re in the Southern Hemisphere!


Marianne Miserandino
miserandino “at” arcadia “dot” edu

1. Case Studies: In Character: Tricksters, Vamps, Heros, Scamps

”From Darth Vader to Scarlett O’Hara, the best fictional characters reflect something about who we are and how we got here. ”In Character”, a [2008] six-month series from NPR, explores indelible American characters from fiction, folklore and pop culture.” Hear experts discuss the psychology of characters such as Vernon Waters (”A Soldier’s Story”), Willie Stark (”All the King’s Men”), Charlotte (”Charlotte’s Web”), Auntie Mame, Uncle Tom, Henry Fleming (”The Red Badge of Courage”), The Joker, Norman Bates, Nancy Drew, Jo March (”Little Woman”), King Kong, Mr. Spock, Carrie (”Sex and the City”), Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Ricky Ricardo, Charlie Brown, Fred Sanford, Indiana Jones, Dora the Explorer, Mama Rose, Hanibal Lecter, Portnoy, Eric Cartman (”South Park”), Walter Mitty, Catwoman, Blanche DuBois, Captain Ahab, Barbie, Harriet the Spy, Hester Prynne (”The Scarlet Letter”), Elmer Gantry, Darth Vader, Gordon Gekko (”Wall Street”), Charlie Chaplin’s Little Tramp, Cookie Monster, George Jefferson, Willy Loman (”Death of a Salesman”), Huckleberry Finn, Scarlett O’Hara, Pollyanna, Holden Caulfield, The Lone Ranger, Lassie, Bugs Bunny, and others.

2. Classic Works in Personality: The Internet Archive

From the site: ”The Internet Archive is building a digital library of Internet sites and other cultural artifacts in digital form. Like a paper library, we provide free access to researchers, historians, scholars, and the general public.” Check out the following gems of personality psychology:

a) Explorations In Personality by Henry A. Murray (1938)

b) A Dynamic Theory Of Personality by Kurt Lewin (1935)

c) The Psychology Of Personal Constructs: Volume One A Theory Of Personality by George A. Kelly (1955)

d) Analysis of the Personality of Adolph Hitler by Henry A. Murray (1943)

e) Philosophical essays presented to John Watson (c.1922)
Includes a bibliography of publications by Watson (p.343-346)

3. Epigenetics

a) Genes’ chemical clothes may underlie the biology behind mental illness

According to this article ”Epic Genetics” by Tina Hesman Saey, ”Epigenetics is elucidating how environmental cues make their marks on genes. Such discoveries could help in understanding the mentally ill mind and lead to new treatments for psychiatric disorders and addiction.” From ”Science News”, May 24th, 2008; Vol.173 #17

b) Epigenetics at the Epicenter of Modern Medicine

According to this article ”Epigenetics at the Epicenter of Modern Medicine” by Andrew P. Feinberg, ”Epigenetics, the study of non-DNA sequence–related heredity, is at the epicenter of modern medicine because it can help to explain the relationship between an individual’s genetic background, the environment, aging, and disease…including epigenetics into epidemiologic studies of human disease may help explain the relationship between the genome and the environment and may provide new clues to modifying these effects in disease prevention and therapy.” From the ”Journal of the American Medical Association”, (2008), 299(11):1345-1350.

4. Personality and Music

a) Musical Tastes and Personality

Adrian North, from Heriot-Watt University, has found that ”strong personality attributes are linked to our choices in music, with classical lovers more likely to have strong self-esteem and creative tendencies and dance fans being outgoing without being very gentle.” Read all about it in this press release. Includes a table summarizing the results. (opens in Word format).

b) People Into Music: The Research Web Site about People and their Musical Preferences

Adrian North, from Heriot-Watt University, maintains this website which supports his research into personality and musical preferences. You can participate in his research by taking his questionnaire here.

5.Infidelity gene? Genetic Link To Relationship Difficulties Found

”ScienceDaily,” Sep. 2, 2008, summarizes research by Hasse Walum and colleagues at the Karolinska Institute who ”have found a link between a specific gene and the way men bond to their partners. The results, which are presented in the scientific journal ”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”, can lead to a better understanding of such problems as autism and social phobia”

6. Coincidence or Synchronicity: You be the judge

Michael Brit, former professor of psychology, broadcasts a podcast about psychology called The Psych Files. ”Have you heard that president Abraham Lincoln had a secretary named Kennedy and president John F. Kennedy had a secretary named Lincoln? In this episode [Episode 70] of The Psych Files we explore strange coincidences like this one and we also examine Carl Jung’s concept of Synchronicity. Does it mean that everything happens for a reason – or is the idea more complex than that? Let’s find out. Oh and by the way – turns out Lincoln never had a secretary named Kennedy. Don’t believe me? Find out more in this episode of The Psych Files.”

7. False Memories?
a) Don’t Forget

The ”Scientific American Frontiers” program has an episode titled ”Don’t
Forget” that includes a segment on false memories (”When Memories Lie” with researcher Elizabeth Loftus). ”You’ve always loved pizza, right? Wait, are you sure about that? If anyone can convince you that you don’t like pizza, Elizabeth Loftus of the University of California, Irvine can. Loftus is an expert on false memories.” Originally broadcast, May 11th, 2004. Available for online streamming. Includes activities and teaching resources.

b) True or False?

In this episode of ”Scientific American Frontiers”, ”Recalling a happy memory seems like popping a favorite movie in the VCR, but Harvard’s Dan Schacter shows Alan Alda that human memories are much less dependable than videotape.” Originally broadcast, November 21st, 2004. Available for online streamming. Includes activities and teaching resources.

8.Person Centered Therapy

The Australian Institute of Professional Counselors put together this brief film to illustrate what counseling is all about. As the client and the counselor interact, subtitles appear on the screen noting when the counselor is showing empathy and unconditional positive regard. 5 minutes, 39 seconds.

9. Introduction to Psychoanalysis

Literature professor Dino Felluga, at Perdue University, put together this site as an introduction to psychoanalysis. Includs an overview, extensive alphabetical list of terms and concepts, applications, and lesson plans on Sigmund Freud, Jacques Lacan, and Julia Kristeva.

10. Seven Challenges of Psychotherapy

Psych Central presents these seven challenges, side-effects, or downsides of psychotherapy including, finding the right therapist, it’s only 50 minutes a week, therapist leave, therapy ends and more.

11. The Eight Irresistible Principles of Fun

Get focused, be creative, use your wisdom, take action and in the end have more fun in your life. This multi-media presentation is also available in a French and Spanish version.

12. Skinner, Pigeons and Operant Conditioning

Illustrates how Skinner used principles of operant conditioning to train pigeons. Includes Skinner himself talking about his work and commenting on schedules of reinforcement, gambling behavior, and free will. 3 minutes, 57 seconds.

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