Hello and welcome to the seventy-sixth Personality Pedagogy newsletter highlighting what’s new at http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu. For more about the links below and approximately 2,700 other interesting links related to personality, please visit: http://personalitypedagogy.arcadia.edu.
From giving presents to starting a new class off right in the new year, this month we are happy to present to you 13 links for the 12 days of Christmas (bonus!). Whether you are celebrating this holiday or just taking a break from the usual load of classes and commitments, here at Personality Pedagogy we wish you a happy holiday season and a happy 2013!
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Just as you suspected, “people with narcissistic tendencies want to purchase products, both for others and for themselves, that positively distinguish them — that is, that make them stand out from the crowd” according to research summarized here in “ScienceDaily”, December 17, 2012.
56-item and 30-item scales from Penner, L. A., Fritzsche, B. A., Craiger, J. P., & Freifeld, T. S. (1995). Measuring the prosocial personality. In J. N. Butcher, & C. D. Spielberger (Eds.) Advances in personality assessment, (Vol. 12). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Include subscales measuring Social Responsibility (SR), Empathic Concern (EC), Perspective Taking (PT), Personal Distress (PD), Other-Oriented Moral Reasoning (O), Mutual Concerns moral reasoning (M), Self-reported altruism (SRA), Other-oriented empathy (sum of scores on SR, EC, PT, O, M) and Helpfulness (sum of PD (reversed) and SRA).
Summarizes research by Barbara Fredrickson and Bethany Kok demonstrating that people with strong muscle tone of the a nerve which regulates that heart “are better than those with low at stopping bad feelings getting overblown. They also show more positive emotions in general. This may provide the missing link between emotional well-being and physical health.” From The Economist, December 8, 2012.
This article takes a fascinating and critical look at the field of neuroscience and suggests that “The real problem with neuroscience today isn’t with the science (…) it’s with the expectations. The brain is an incredibly complex ensemble, with billions of neurons coming into—and out of—play at any given moment. There will eventually be neuroscientific explanations for much of what we do; but those explanations will turn out to be incredibly complicated. For now, our ability to understand how all those parts relate is quite limited, sort of like trying to understand the political dynamics of Ohio from an airplane window above Cleveland.” By Gary Marcus for “The New Yorker”, December 2, 2012.
Ed Deci, professor of psychology at University of Rochester and Co-Founder of Self-Determination Theory, describes “two common forms of motivation; autonomous and controlled. He discusses the different results of each form and the implications for aspects of our lives; especially work and relationships” in this TED talk from June 9, 2012 (runs 14 minutes, 6 seconds).
The Toilet Culture Park, “the only one of its kind in the world, exhibits a variety of bowls from Korean traditional squat toilets to western bedpans.” Check out this slide show of 11 images from the park. Posted November 23, 2012.
“Epigenetics — how gene expression is regulated by temporary switches, called epi-marks — appears to be a critical and overlooked factor contributing to the long-standing puzzle of why homosexuality occurs, according to a study, published online in “The Quarterly Review of Biology”, and summarized here in “Medical News Today”, December 13, 2012.
The Office of Teaching Resources in Psychology (OTRP) is pleased to announce a new resource for teachers: “A Guide to Writing Learning Objectives for Teachers of Psychology (2012)” by Guy A. Boysen of the State University of New York at Fredonia and McKendree University. The purpose of this 18-page resource is to assist psychology teachers in (a) understanding key terms related to objectives and their assessment, (b) writing behavior-based learning objectives, and (c) evaluating objectives once they are written. The resource includes a table that illustrates how various psychology outcomes can be addressed with objectives at various levels of Bloom’s taxonomy.
“A study of the romantic history of 58 adults aged 22-28 found that those who avoid committed romantic relationships are likely a product of unresponsive or over-intrusive parenting” according to research by Sharon Dekel and Barry Farber published in the “Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease” and summarized here in “ScienceDaily”, December 10, 2012.
“After conducting the largest online intelligence study on record, a Western University-led research team has concluded that the notion of measuring one’s intelligence quotient or IQ by a singular, standardized test is highly misleading, according to research published in the journal “Neuron” and summarized here, in “ScienceDaily”, December 19, 2012.
A new study links verbal aggression to prenatal testosterone exposure, using the 2D:4D finger ratio measure to predict verbal aggression. “This study is the first to use this method to examine prenatal testosterone exposure as a determinant of a communication trait” according to the study published in the “Journal of Communication” and summarized here in “ScienceDaily”, November 29, 2012.
A recent study suggests that bullying by peers changes the structure surrounding a gene involved in regulating mood, making victims more vulnerable to mental health problems as they age, according to research published in the journal “Psychological Medicine” and summarized here in “ScienceDaily”, December 18, 2012.
First Day of Class Beginnings are important says Joyce T. Povlacs of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. This list of 101 Things You Can Do the First Three Weeks of Class which she put together is a catalog of suggestions for college teachers who are looking for a fresh way of creating the best possible environment for learning. (Opens in PDF)